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رغبة منا بالتعرف على مستوى رضاكم عن موقعنا وبهدف تطويره وتحسينه، فقد قمنا بتصميم استبيان سريع لقياس مدى الرضا عن موقع دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة روعي في تصميم الاستبيان أن يكون قصيرا وسريعا كي لا نطيل عليكم، وعليه نرجو منكم التكرم باستكماله عن طريق الرابط التالي
استبيان رضا المتعاملين عن موقع دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة


 


The Past

20,000 - 2,000 years ago
Coinage
















The earliest coinage found in the Emirates consists of five imitation Athenian tetradrachms (coins with an ideal weight of 16 g) from Mileiha showing, on the obverse, the helmeted head of Athena, and on the reverse the owl of Athens. Unfortunately, while the Athenian prototypes of this coinage date to the third or early second century BC, we have no way of knowing precisely when these imitations were minted in Arabia, or whether they were indeed minted at Mileiha where the majority of the known specimens have been found.

The same is true of another class of imitations which forms by far the bulk of the coinage from both Mileiha and al-Dur. There are several thousand examples known of coins from both sites which imitate the coinage of the Macedonian king Alexander the Great, in showing the head of Heracles on the obverse, wearing the pelt of the Nemean lion (trophy of one of Alexander's most famous 'labours'), and on the reverse, a seated figure of the Greek god Zeus. Coins with the same iconography (i.e. images), but with different 'legends' - i.e. the name of a local king in place of that of Alexander - are known from Mileiha and al-Dur. Such coins were minted by at least two kings, Abyatha and Abi'el. These were certainly used in the first century AD and possibly slightly earlier.

There are also foreign coins from Mileiha and al-Dur, including large numbers of coins minted in northeastern Arabia (i.e. eastern Saudi Arabia); several coins minted by the Seleucid (Greek) kings of Syria and Mesopotamia; one Roman coin of Tiberius; a handful of Indian coins; and several coins from the kingdom of Characene, a small kingdom which flourished in southern Iraq during the last century BC and the first two centuries AD; and small numbers of coins minted by the Sasanians of Iran (third-seventh centuries AD).

Several Islamic sites in the Emirates, such as Julfar, have also yielded coins minted on Jarun by the kingdom of Hormuz and in Iran by the Safavids.


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