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  UAE History - Ancient artifacts
We
apons
 
 
When we think of weaponry and warfare in the ancient Near East we tend to think of mounted horsemen wielding swords and spears and defending themselves with shields. In fact, the earliest weapons in the Emirates were straight copper and bronze daggers and long spears, both of which make their appearance in the late 3rd millennium B.C. (and can be seen, e.g. in the Dubai and Ras al-Khaimah Museums) and would have been used on foot. Swords appeared after c. 2000 B.C., and the museums of Ras al-Khaimah, Fujairah, Dubai and Al Ain all display a considerable variety of bronze swords from the 2nd and 1st millennia B.C. The swords of the Emirates, like those in other parts of the Near East, vary greatly in size depending on the period, and include long, straight blades for slashing as well as short, straight blades for close cut-and-thrust combat. The socketed axes so common in the 1st millennium B.C. are remarkably similar to the small jerz used in modern times by the Shihu of Ras al-Khaimah, but the curved khanjar of today is a modern weapon without any precursors in the archaeological record of the U.A.E.

Perhaps because of the abundance of copper in the mountains of Ras al-Khaimah and Fujairah iron was not adopted until very late in the region’s history. The earliest iron knife from the area was found at Muweilah, near Sharjah Airport, in a context dating to 800 B.C. but this was probably an import from Iran. During the later pre-Islamic era (3rd cent. B.C. - 7th cent. A.D.), however, iron became common and was used for knives, swords and arrowheads. Iron ore has been found in the interior of Sharjah near Al-Madam and Mleiha, so that local production of iron tools, at least during the later pre-Islamic era, is probable.
VIRTUAL MUSEUM : TOYS
VIRTUAL MUSEUM : TOOLS
VIRTUAL MUSEUM : HERITAGE
VIRTUAL MUSEUM : WEAPONS
VIRTUAL MUSEUM : JEWELLERY
VIRTUAL MUSEUM : STONEWARE & CERAMICS
VIRTUAL MUSEUM : FOSSILS
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  A Late Stone Age flint arrowhead from Marawah. Around 5000 BC Traditional Bedu khanjar (knife), with silver scabbard and handle. 19th or 20th Century AD A bronze spearhead from Wadi 'Asimah, from around 2000 BC