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New energy sources: UAE wants oil states compensated

posted on 27/08/2002: 1666 views

Oil producing states should be compensated by advanced countries for the adverse effects they will have to suffer as a result of development of alternative sources of energy, according to His Highness Sheikh Hamad bin Mohammed Al Sharqi, Member of the Supreme Council and Ruler of Fujairah and head of the UAE delegation to the World Summit on Sustainable Development, which opened in the South African city of Johannesburg yesterday.

The UAE, in cooperation with the AGCC countries and states in other international blocs, particularly the Group of 77 and the People's Republic of China, would endeavour during the summit to obtain as many benefits as possible for itself and the developing countries by stressing some vital points, Sheikh Hamad said in a statement yesterday.

"We will focus on emphasising the importance of the principle of 'joint but varying' responsibilities, which is considered one of the main features of the Rio Summit of1992," he said.

Each country has to set its own criterion for alternative sources of energy without being restricted by specific time frame and the developed countries should stick to the declaration of the Rio summit stipulating that these countries should provide financial and additional resources to developing countries, Sheikh Hamad said.

The summit will discuss over the coming 10 days recommendations made at the 1992 Rio De Janeiro Earth Summit, in addition to other fundamental themes that aim at developing international consensus on vital environmental issues.

Sheikh Hamad referred to national preparations for the summit describing them as comprehensive. "The country has set up a National Committee under the chairmanship of the Under-Secretary of the Foreign Ministry and the membership of environment authorities concerned to follow up UAE's preparations for the summit," he said.

The Federal Environment Agency (FEA), under the supervision of the committee, has prepared a report on achievements made by the UAE in the field of environment protection and development, under the directives of the President, His Highness Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, during the 10 years that followed the Rio summit, Sheikh Hamad said.

The UAE has also had the initiative of compiling nearly 52 works demonstrating the concern of the UAE youth for environment, in a book entitled Vision of UAE Youth on Sustainable Development to be presented to the world leaders at the summit, he said. The UAE delegation participating in the event will also present the 'Abu Dhabi Initiative' on data collection, which was recommended by several international organisations, and the 'Abu Dhabi Declaration' on the future of joint environmental work, which was approved at the extraordinary meeting of the Arab Environment Ministers on February 2001, he said.

The Dubai Declaration on Water Resources Management in Arid Areas, of February 2002, and Abu Dhabi Declaration for Agricultural Development and Anti-Desertification 2002, were also part of the country's preparations for the summit, he said.

Sheikh Hamad said that the UAE had also participated in a series of joint meetings for Arab and African ministers on environment development and protection. About the outcome of the summit, Sheikh Hamad said he expected that it would come up with an integrated plan catering to environmental priorities of each country. "I also expect that the world leaders will agree on a political declaration that aims at developing the concept of mutual cooperation," he said.

The summit will be a launching pad for developing more joint initiatives of partnership among governments, non-government organisations and the private sector, he said.

"I think the most difficult issues that the summit may face will be the problems of loans, globalisation and enhancing the opportunities of the developing countries in adopting more technologies," he said. (The Khaleej Times)


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